One of the industries that reflects the economic growth of a country and an infrastructure to develop it is transportation industry. For each unit of economic development and development , about two units’ growth in the transportation industry are required.
The industry is divided into three main areas including maritime, land and air transport.
In the Land Transport Sector, which accounts for about 85 % of cargo handling and passengers, it is grouped into two categories:
In road transport, the private sector is the largest in about 2015, followed by co – operatives and state organizations. In the rail sector, one of the benefits of this field on the road is the saving in Gas oil consumption, which is worth more than $ 9.5 billion [USD ] . The fuel consumption is about 6.5 liters per road state and 32 liters for rail. Compliance with the environment is also a second advantage in the latter field.
The second category is air transport.
One of the surest means of transport is to include airport services for freight transport domestically and globally.
The next category is maritime transportation. It comprises more than 86 % of the international trade.
According to a 20 – year vision, the share of rail transport will reach about 30 % , which requires the construction of 1,000 km of railway . About 20 million travelers have to be raised in this area. But there is no such perspective, no specific frame for this type of transportation.
Due to the importance of this industry, Mehrtash Sepahan co. could allocate the products of lubricating and chemicals for this area:
- Gasoline motor oil
- Diesel motor oils
- Railway engine lubricants
- Automotive gear oil
- Adblue (for heavy transportation vehicles to reduce environmental pollution)
In this section a brief description about Iranian automotive making industry and their exporting trends is mentioned. Such export is done between Iran and some other Asian and African countries.
The automotive industry is the second industry to operate in our country if we consider the oil industry the largest industry in the country. One of the honors earned by the car industry in 2009 is its rank as fifth in the world in terms of growth in industrial development. In this ranking, Iran came after the countries such as China – Taiwan – Romania and finally India.
In terms of local and domestic production in Iran, two giant auto makers in Iran, named SAIPA and IKCO and other companies are active. More than half of the car productions are in SAIPA, which statistics are done in 2008 . Although the two car makers are listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange , a significant portion of their shares are still owned by the government . Other car makers in this regard could be referred to the Bahman , Kerman Motors , Kish Khodro , tractor manufacturing, Runiran, Rakhsh Khodro , Shahab Khodro , and so on , which have little to do with the two giant car production giants . Among the types of products of these companies are trucks on various sizes, motorcycles, travelling vehicles, vans and buses and minibuses.
In addition to what is being produced internally, diesel and diesel – powered engine oils have also been covered by many neighboring countries such as Iraq , Syria and Armenia , as well as African countries under the cover of large domestic car makers .
Among the lubricants used in this industry, which are produced by Mehrtash Sepahan, are the following:
Gasoline and diesel engine oils
Car gear oils
Impeller oil (specially for automobile factories)
Chassis protector oil (specially for automobile factories)
Hydraulic oils (specially for automotive and construction machinery)
Refrigeration compressor oils (specially for automobile factories)
Stretch Lubricants (Specialty Automobile Manufacturers)
And in the field of chemicals:
Poly-electrolytes (specially for automobile factories)
Membrane Detergent (Specialty Automotive Manufacturers)
Detergent (specialty car factories)
BIOSIDE (for automotive factories)
Anti-deposition (special for automobile factories)
The importance of the water and wastewater industry is not overlooked. Water consumption in both industrial and municipal drinking water has always been considered. Consider the importance of water in the industry for the advancement and proper functioning of the industry. Many industries depend on the water and wastewater industry:
– air conditioning
– Production of products (such as clothing and food)
– Rinsing in industries like beverages and …
– Transportation of raw materials (in iron smelting and cane factories)
Also, given the varying variables of water consumption in various industries, depending on the technology of that industry and …, the major uses can be classified as follows:
– Heat transfer in industry
– Mechanical affairs
– Manufacturing and product systems
– Steam Generation and etc.
When it comes to talk about water consumption, in addition to the advantages, in certain cases, such as when emulsion is formed, may also cause damage such as puddles due to suspended and unsolved particles. This water outflow from industrial processes undergoes changes that can have a physical, chemical or biological aspect. Water mixing with oil and grease, the suspension of particles in water, the dissolution of the gas phase in water or dust, and so forth.
In many cases, water utilities managers are pushing to reduce consumption, including more water savings for the agriculture sector, lower costs for treatment plants and chemicals, reduced sewage volume Production, and so on. The re-circulation of water is one of the concerns of the experts in the field for several years.
Besides drinking water and industrial wastewater, urban drinking water is as much important as previous items.
Urban drinking water is treated in stages, which involves the mixing of water with chlorine for the purpose of disinfection, and the growth of algae can be controlled. In the second step, the air is supplied to the liquid so that the pollutant gases are removed from the system and the oxygen level is also increased in water. In the third stage, this water stays stagnant so that most of the contaminants are deposited. The remaining wastewater will eventually be sent to another place for agricultural use. Now, to complete the effect of this sedimentation process, the liquid must pass through fine meshes and add disinfectants. In step 4, it forms the basis of the activity. Now using products such as coagulant aid, the remaining fine particles are also heavier and separated from water. Ultimately, water filtering is very important. Filters, such as sand filters, separate fine particles. The explanation is that it is not always possible to say that the water treatment is done in the same manner and number of steps.
But for the purification of industrial and municipal water, various products are produced and supplied by Mehtash Sepahan Company.
– Water treatment chemicals. Cooling systems
– Chemical Desalination Systems
– Boiler chemicals
– Specialty chemicals for sewage treatment
The first group includes water purification chemicals for cooling systems:
– Antiscalant – Anticorrosion
– Disparent – Biodispensant
The next group includes:
– Anti-scalant (thermal desalination units and RO)
– Membrane cleaner
– Biocide and RO disinfectant
And the third category is boiler specific chemicals:
– Oxygen Scavenger
– Anticorrosion and antifouling
– Enhancement of alkalinity
– Anticorrosion lines of condensation
Finally, the final category is related to sewage treatment:
Anionic and cationic polyethylene electrolytes
The largest industry in the country, known as the most active one, is the oil industry. Economic growth and development in Iran has always been an unbreakable bond with oil production and industry.
In terms of security of our country, in terms of energy supply, the resources of hydrocarbon reserves are in the first place, as well as more than 800 billion barrels of crude oil, liquids and condensate gas, as well as about 33 trillion cubic meters of gas reserves. Alongside these huge reserves, the experienced human resources and the strategic position of our beloved homeland, it strengthens Iran’s position in producing oil and its condensates.
In the field of discovering, extracting, producing and exploiting oil, official bodies are also active in this field, including:
National Iranian Oil Company, National Iranian Gas Company, National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company, and National Iranian Petrochemical Company.
In addition to the oil and gas industry and refining, the petrochemical industry is also important.
Petrochemical industry belongs to the chemical industry and feeds the industry raw materials from oil or natural gas and produces chemical products in this way.
Derivatives from crude oil have been responsive to many human needs in terms of fiber, energy, and so on. In addition to meeting the needs, the evolution of many industries has also responded to other needs.
The refining of crude oil led to the proliferation of internal combustion engines, as well as many parts of the vehicle and plastic materials resulting from polymerization in these industries.
The supply of fuel for spacecraft and satellites depends on the material produced by these industries.
They also use these materials in the pharmaceutical industry and antibiotics.
In addition, bactericides and detergents are obtained from petrochemical products.
In the field of the above mentioned industries, Mehtash Sepahan Company offers the following products to domestic and foreign markets:
- Industrial gear oils
- Hydraulic oils
- Air compressor oils
- Compressor oils for refrigeration
- Heat Transfer Oils
- Flushing oils
- Motor oils
- Turbine oils
In addition to lubricants, chemicals are also produced by the company for the petrochemical industry:
- Anti-Fouling of polymerization PVC
Increasing demand for many wires and cables such as power transmission, motors, lights, brakes, seat heaters, etc. It is expected that the global market will affect the cable and cable. The growth in demand for wiring inside the car, as well as applications in the transmission and distribution of this market, is more appealing.
The rapid development of urbanization and urban areas and the demand for relevant infrastructure and increased capacity of the distribution network will also be among the other factors boosting this industry. In addition, the telecommunications industry is another consumer of this industry, which will see a double growth in the market for the next six years.
But the threat posed by manufacturers to the development of this industry will create barriers, most notably the development of wireless systems as well as environmental concerns for the recycling of these materials.
Mehrtash Sepahan Co., has also provided the following products to meet the domestic companies’ needs for foreign lubricants, following the efforts to localize these traction wire and cable.
Copper wires and cables drawing oil
Aluminum wire and aluminum drawing oil
Metal industries include non-ferrous and ferrous metals. Metals such as copper, aluminum, zinc, etc. belong to the first category and metals such as steel belong to the second category. Both manufacturing sectors are of great importance for the global economy, economic competitiveness and industrial development. Different government economies are trying to make these manufacturing sectors competitive and respect them for environmental considerations and for social responsibility.
Why are Metal Industries Important?
Due to the profound relationship that exists with other industries, including construction, automotive, mechanical, electrical, and aerospace.
A significant and important impact on our economy from the point of view of employment creation and added value in production.
Unconstrained metals have the potential to be recycled without compromising quality. Recycling these metals can reduce energy consumption, materials
Non-ferrous metal industries
Aluminum, copper or zinc are irreplaceable materials for the automotive industry, aerospace, roads and buildings.
Has a strategic position in the Iranian economy that has achieved this goal through the creation of ideas, growth and job creation. This material is also widely used in the above industries.
Materials used in the steel industry include lubricants and special chemicals. Among the products we can mention include:
- Protective oils
- Rolling oils
- Molding oils
- Anti-fire hydraulic oil
- Gear and hydraulic oils
- Compressor oils
And from special chemicals, the following are available to the market:
- Oil Cleaners
- Protective chemicals
Typically, the most commonly used methods are electrical, thermal, hydro and nuclear power plants.
Below we briefly explain some of these plants:
Thermal power plant
Turbine is used in this method to turn the generator on. The turbine in this condition is 2 units, steam turbine and another is a hydro turbine. In thermal power plants, coal is used as a fuel to produce steam from this heat, steam turbine moves and the generator also spins. In fact, this fuel is used to create steam with high temperature and high pressure in the boiler. Of course, there is a lot of pollution in this method, and one of these contaminations is the daily production of ash in the plant.
Hydraulic power plants
In these plants, the water used to launch a coupled water turbine is exploited by the generator. In normal mode, this high-pressure water comes from high altitudes, which can be used as a natural reservoir such as lakes. Also a dam might be created on the river to produce artificial pressure. Therefore, the location of these plants depends very much on the water used. Compared to thermal power plants, these types of installations are less polluting and produce clean electricity and thus are environmentally friendly.
Atomic power plants
As it is known, coal reserves are unlimited, and their relative shortage is a threat to thermal power plants based on this type of fuel. According to estimates provided by the world, it is only possible to exploit these reserves from 30 to 40 years if these reservoirs are taken at the same rate. Therefore, nuclear power plants are an alternative to this, which can produce high energy in high volume. Of course, the initial investment for this type of power plant is very high, but the cost of starting up and operating is very low. However, in terms of contamination it may be said that it does not contain air pollution, but the radioactive content of the raw materials due to leakage of the reactors used is criticized.
The products manufactured by Mehrtash Sepahan Company for these industries include:
Trans type II oil
TURBEX-F46 Turbine Control Turbine
Cement is used in the construction industry, bridge construction, refinery equipment, hospitals and schools. After water, the most used material is the same concrete. Approximately 3 tons per capita annually is recorded in new statistics. In fact, cement has a vital role in determining the place of development of a country. From small houses to massive construction projects, this material has a great application. A series of vital government programs, housing problems, infrastructure development, and the role of cement are very high. China, India, the United States and Japan are among the largest manufacturers of this product in the world.
The process of cement production involves mixing, drying, milling limestone, clay and silica in a massive mix. The mixture is then heated in a pre-heater, and then provided in the coolant system as an outlet, which, of course, is a semi-finished form of cement. This material is cooled by air and is regularly converted into cement during a specific process. The cement is based on the final application in various forms: common porcelain, white cement, custom cement and … The main difference is in the amount of clinker in the cement structure.
Cement industry lubrication monitoring and monitoring programs to reduce net costs
The cement and concrete industry has one of the toughest operating conditions in terms of mechanical engineering and lubrication. Extremely heavy loads, extreme shocks in motion, very high temperatures, the presence of contaminants, such as cement particles, are one of the issues that corroborate these problems. In order to carry out operations in this industry, ball mills, furnaces, vertical mills, conveyor systems, etc. are widely used.
Mehrtash Sepahan Company has a good understanding of the important role of lubrication in cement and concrete production due to its mission to improve the quality of lubrication in the micro and macro industries of the country. In the same vein, quality lubricants have been produced and marketed for many years. The comprehensive program for advising on netbooks related to lubrication systems will increase the life span of equipment and reduce maintenance costs in our vast patriotic industry. The use of proper lubricants and the proper maintenance of them, which means keeping the lubricant away from pollution, is one of the focal points of the company.
Speaking of rubber industry Iran , one of the products that is known in Iran as a strategic commodity is rubber. The rubber industry is therefore one of the most important industries in the country that is directly related to the petrochemical and automotive industries. Also, the possibility of exporting to the countries of the Middle East region is another reason for the justification of the establishment of this industry in Iran. The number of people employed in this industry is estimated to be over 16,000. Also, by examining the value chain of the automotive industry, we also recognize the important role of the rubber industry. Another industry that is directly involved with this industry is the transportation sector, where economic development depends on the importance of both of these.
In the field of tire evolution, it can be said that the process started with wood and metal tires, then in 1844 the tires were first used and the tire tread was added to it a little. Lattice tires came to the market many years later, which was less than expected. In 1888, Dunlop invented a wind turbine, and eventually the 1930s could be considered the decade of official use of modern tires. The tire structure with wool threads inside it was introduced in 1939, and then it came to wired and wired radial tires.
The rubber oils used in the rubber industry Iran include:
– Good oxidation and thermal stability
– Applicable to EP elastomers
– Used in natural rubber and neoprene, benzene, xylene and …
The rubber oil products are manufactured by Mehrtash Sepahan Company under product brands RINGOL 200 SERIES and RINGOL 800 SERIES.